Expert  System  역사

 

전문가시스템 (Expert System) 의 역사

1943

Post production rules ; McCulloch and Pitts Neuron Model

1954

Markov Algorithm for controlling rule execution

1956

Dartmouth Conference ; Logic Theorist ; Heuristic Search ; "AI" term coined (만들어지다)

1957

Perceptron 이론 Rosenblatt 가 발명 ; GPS (General Problem Solver) 시작 (Newell, Shaw and Simon)

1958

LISP AI language (McCarthy)

1962

Rosenblatt 의 "Principle of Neurodynamics" on Perceptron 발표

1965

Resolution Method of automatic theorem proving (Robinson)

Fuzzy Logic for reasoning about fuzzy objects (Zadeh)

first expert system DENDRAL 작업 시작 (Feigenbaum,Buchanan, 등등)

1968

Semantic nets, associated memory model (Quillian)

1969

MACSYMA math expert system (Martin and Moses)

1970

PROLOG (Colmerauer, Roussell,등등)

1971

HEARSAYⅠfor speech recognition

"Human Problem Solving"출간 rules를 보급 (Newell and Simon)

1973

MYCIN expert system for medical diagnosis (Shortliffe 등등)이 발전하여 GUIDON, intelligent tutoring (Clancey) and TEIRESIAS, explanation facility concept (Davis), EMYCIN first shell (Van Melle, Shortliffe and Buchanan), HEARSAYⅡ blackboard model of multiple cooperating experts

1975

Frames ,knowledge representation (Minsky)

1976

AM (Articifial Mathematician) creative discovery of math concepts (Lenat)

Demster-Shafer theory of Evidence for reasoning under uncertainty

PROSPECTOR expert system for mineral exploration (Duda, Hart, ,등등)

1977

OPS expert system shell (Forgy), XCON에서 사용됨

1978

XCON (McDermott, DEC) to configure DEC computer systems

Meta-DENDRAL ,metarules and rule induction (Buchanan)

1979

Rete Algorithm for fast pattern matching (Forgy), AI 의 상업화 시작

Inference Corp.formed (release ART expert system tool in 1985)

1980

Symbolics,LMI founded to manufacture LISP machines

1982

SMP math expert system : Hopfield Neural Net ; 일본 Fifth Generation Project to develop intelligent comprters

1983

KEE expert system tool (IntelliCorp)

1985

CLIPS expert system tool (NASA)